Planetary conditions are more minor considerations that have similar effects to dignity and debility. While their effects are similar, the effects of conditions are often somewhat more subtle than the effects of the general dignity and debility placements.
One of the more important (and forgotten) considerations is that of planetary sect. Sect is generally the separation of planets into two teams (one for day and one for night) and their agreement with the time of the chart (day planets agree with day charts, but disagree with night charts and the opposite is true for night planets). The Sun leads the day team of planets and has Jupiter and Saturn as his teammates, while the Moon leads the night team and has Mars and Venus. Mercury can be on either team depending on his position in relation to the Sun; if Mercury is operating as a morning star (rising before the Sun), then it will be on the day team, however if he is operating as an evening star (by rising after the Sun) he will be on the night team.
Just by knowing whether the chart is a day or a night chart, we can tell something about the attitudes of the different planets involved. Day planets will be cooperative in day charts while night planets will be more difficult. It can also be characterized by comfort levels, in that night planets in night charts are more comfortable, and act more naturally, whereas those planets in day charts are more uncomfortable and act more unnatural, this of course carries moral implications.
Aside from general day/night agreement, there are smaller branches of sect that relate to a planet’s agreement with its sign, house, and hemisphere. These are smaller ways to determine how well a planet is being comforted or acting like itself that can add up to give a bigger picture. Basically, nocturnal planets want to be under the Earth in a day chart, or above the Earth in a night chart; similarly diurnal planets want to be above the Earth in a day chart and under the Earth in a night chart. To phrase it more simply: diurnal planets want to be in the same hemisphere with the Sun, and nocturnal planets want to be away from the Sun. Planets will also prefer signs that agree with them in gender; Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn prefer masculine signs, whereas Venus and the Moon prefer feminine signs. Mercury will again change sides depending on its gender which is classically determined by the planet Mercury most closely aspects.
So what does this all add up to?
The above chart is a pretty simple and straightforward example. In it, the querent is seeking to sublet an apartment, which is a pretty straightforward 1st/7th kind of question. However, with sect we are able to take on more qualitative information regarding the players involved.
Specifically, while the Moon is in her fall of Scorpio and can represent someone who has little power or resources or is generally “in a bind”, it can also take on more nasty, moralistic meanings in combination with other factors. Since this is a day chart, the Moon is out of sect and thus can suffer from a lack of quality, or take on more malevolent meanings. So this is our first red flag; a debilitated planet who is also out of sect. In this chart, our querent was seeking to sublet an apartment they had leased illegally. Suspicious.
Interestingly, you can see that all of the planets associated with the apartment are also out of sect. Venus as the ruler of the Fourth and Mars being in the Fourth. Both planets are also debilitated in someway, Mars more dramatically by being in his detriment and Venus by being retrograde. This would suggest some issues with the apartment itself. This isn’t something I have information on, but the apartment is a part of low-income housing, which has a certain reputation, so there may be some truth to that stereotype in this case.
The example explains sect’s effect on a chart pretty well, but astrologers don’t typically use it to examine the querent. It is probably best used when investigating another person for a querent, such as a partner or potential employer. In this scenario it would be a good idea to scrutinize a significator in such a way to assess its general “morality” (or “wiliness” if you prefer) as a potential red flag for our querent.